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The Ebola virus is responsible for spread of Ebola haemorragic fever, a rare diseases that is found in Africa with a mortality rate of 25% to 90%. The transmission of the virus is possible human to human through direct contact with blood as well as bodily fluids. The outbreak first occurred in the year 1976 in the Democratic Republic of Congo. As of now most of the outbreaks have been spotted in Africa only.
The initial symptoms of Ebola haemorrhagic fever are misleading as they are same as any conditions like malaria or common cold. It starts suddenly accompanied with fatigue, lack of appetite, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea (contain mucus or blood sometimes). The second stage is when the symptoms aggravate and lead to bleeding skin, gums and nose, blood vomits and stools. The patient could also show symptoms like sore throat, swallowing issues and skin rashes.
If a person comes in direct contact with the secretions, bodily fluids, organs or blood of the infected living or dead organisms. Though in the initial stage of symptomatic patients the risk is very low. It can also spread through unprotected sexual contact with a recovered ebola infected patient too.
Though it is transmitted through droplets but a casual contact cannot lead to an infection unless there is any contact with bodily fluids. Though most of these infections are human to human but there have been cases where handling dead animals like chimpanzees, bats, wild animals or bush meat has lead to the same.
The mortality rate of patients infected with ebola is said to be very high as much as 25% to 90%.
As of now there is no vaccine and no treatment for the ebola haemorragic fever and only supportive care is the offered treatment in order to provide relief from side effects of any arising complications.
In order to breaking the transmission chain. The suspected people and the people who have come in close contact with the infected people need to be kept under supervision.
• To prevent yourself from contracting ebola stay away from infected people.
• Avoid close contact or contact with bodily fluids of the infected deceased.
• Wash hands with soap and antiseptics on a regular basis
• Avoid consuming bush meat and contact with wild animals like rodents, bats, monkeys, forest antelopes dead or alive.
With the onset of summer in India, students start getting ready for their board exams and even start head hunting for colleges in India to pursue their dream careers. Well, Indians are slowly evolving and the mindset of medical stream or medicine being the only choice to succeed in Life is slowing fading away from the minds of many educated souls. Having said that, there is still a major chunk of parents in India who feel that the first career choice is nothing better than medicine. True to a certain extent for it offers a career path that is so rewarding since ages.
Now that it’s time of the year when parents of students aspiring a career in medicine are shortlisting or have already shortlisted medical colleges as per their choice, let talk about a possibility that stands out in health education.
RRMCH is an endeavor of Moogambigai Charitable and Educational Trust, established in 1992 with an objective of bringing about academic excellence in Karnataka. RRMCH has a holistic approach towards education and gives equal importance to extracurricular activities together with academics.
Spread across a wide spanning campus of 25 acres, the college and hospital are nestled in South West Bangalore. An institutional member of the International Medical Sciences Academy, IMSA, a global body that aims in upgrading medical standards around the world, RRMCH is also recognized by the MCH and is affiliated to RGUHS.
RRMCH has a 1300 bed hospital which provides an easy window for practical learning besides digitally equipped classrooms, auditorium, Bank, intensive care unit, Central research laboratory with state of the art facilities to name a few. The laboratory in collaboration with renowned international institutions carries out numerous research programs. Furthermore, RRMCH also houses a medical museum, that showcases over 300 dissected specimens and 1000 plus models of pathology and anatomy. No wonder it is a NAAC A Accredited college and a leader in health education in Bangalore.
RRMCH offers undergraduate and postgraduate course in medicine which include undergraduate, postgraduate, doctoral programs and paramedical as well as super specialty courses.
MBBS – RRMCH offers MBBS course of 4.5 years plus 1 year compulsory rotating internship
MD – Doctor in Medicine program can be done in subjects namely Anatomy, Anaesthesia, Biochemistry, Community Medicine, Dermatology, Forensic Medicine, General medicine, Microbiology, Pathology, Paediatrics, Pharmacology, Physiology, Psychiatry, Radio Diagnosis and Respiratory Medicine.
MS – RRMCH offers MS in subjects namely ENT, General Surgery, OBG, Opthalmology and Orthopaedics.
PhD– RRMCH offers PhD in Physiology course
Paramedical Courses – Paramedical courses under RRMCH include Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology, Operation Theatre Technology, X Ray Technology, Health Inspection, Ophthalmic Technology and Medical Record Technology
Super Specialty Courses – RRMCH also offers super specialty courses in DM – Cardiology, MCH in Urology, Plastic Surgery and Pediatric Surgery and super specialty course in Neurology.
Well, if you are also one of those parents of students looking out to make it big in the world of medicine, RRMCH definitely is one of the institutions that can help you pave the way to success in the healthcare arena. Medical college admission for the year 2018-19 are now open at RRMCH.
Contact for more info:
No.202, Kambipura, Mysore Road,
All of us brush our teeth daily, once or twice in a day but do we really do it the way it should. Furthermore, many of us are not even aware about the type of brush we need to be using. So, let us dig into some interesting or rather enlightening information of sorts around brushing your teeth properly.
Brushing needs to be done using a proper technique. If you happen to brush your teeth really hard or over brush, it might damage your teeth as per dental experts. Brushing hard causes the enamel wear and tear, gums to recede besides cavities on the roots.
Here are a few tips on brushing your teeth properly without causing damage –
Brush Gently – Your gums are soft and sensitive so whenever you brush, brush your teeth like you iron your pure silk sarees, softly and not like you scrub your bathroom floor. Move your brush in clockwise circular movements gently across your teeth. Do not try the saw like motion.
The Right Brush – Many of us think that buying a brush with hard bristles will help us in keeping our teeth clean. But, it is a myth and a we need to be aware of the fact that a brush with soft bristles can work with better efficiency and without damaging your enamel. Particularly if you have sensitive teeth, a soft brush is a must have for you.
Floss and Clean – Many of us simply brush our teeth sometimes once a day and sometimes twice a day but many of us do not floss or clean our tongue on an every day basis. This will help you keep mouth odour besides avoiding plaque deposits on your teeth.
Dental Visits routine – Do cleaning of your teeth every six months from your dentists. This will help you keep dental issues at bay.
Well, brushing your teeth the way it should be done can help you reduce a lot of your dental issues and keep your teeth in shape for a longer period. Do it for a beautiful smile that lasts years longer and allows you to hog on that gourmet favorites of yours longer as well. Happy Eating.
The department of Public Health Dentistry is oriented towards meeting the oral health needs of communities that lack dental health facilities. The objective is to bring people at large within the fold of dental health through outreach programs.
A study published in the journal of neurophysiology shows that arm exercises helps stroke patients improve their walking ability even weeks and months after the occurrence of stroke. The researchers at the University of British Columbia, Canada did the study on a group of adults who were prone to stroke in the period of 7 months and 17 years before the commencement of the study.
A training session was organized and the physical abilities of the volunteers was measured before and after the training which included a six minute walk daily to measure the distance covered in that time, 10 meter walk with a timer on to find out how fast a person can cover the distance and finally again another timer based activity which included getting up from a seated position, walking 10 meters and coming back the same distance.
The researchers also checked the stretch reflexes, electrical activity in muscles in wrists and lower legs through walking and cycling tests.
The researchers observed that the participants show good improvement in their performance particularly in the time up and go test. There was no notable improvement in grip strength of participants but the participants showed less tightness in muscles after their cycling trial.
Even their nerve activity levels showed improvement during the arm cycling task. As per the researchers, it also activated inter-limb networks and contributed to rhythmic walking coordination. In short, the arm nerved activated and helped in improving the spinal chords functioning in areas affected by stroke like legs.
The researchers added that these results are a positive sign about improvements in walking ability even afters years of having a stroke. The researchers did say that walking improvement could not be compared to other training modalities, arm training did play a significant role in human locomotion rehabilitation.
The department of physiotherapy was established in 2003 at RajaRajeswari Medical College and Hospital to cater to the preventive, creative, therapeutic and rehabilitation needs of the rural people need was felt to impart the much needed physiotherapy vocational and rehabilitation training programme.
Yes, you read that right. Though it does not hold true for all, it does hold true for men who drink tea while they are also regular consumers of alcohol and smoke tobacco. Particularly in under developed regions of countries like China esophageal cancer is quite common. Chinese men drink tea besides smoking and being alcoholic. Esophageal cancer has very low survival rates and the rate at which it is spreading its wings in these countries is worrisome.
Researchers of the National Natural science foundation of china as well as national key research and development program went on to undertake a survey in China to test if consuming hot tea is associated with esophageal cancer risk. The study was done on 456155 participants between the age-group of 30 and 79 for around 9.2 years of median followup. The researchers found out that drinking hot tea while being an alcoholic and smoker did increase the risk of esophageal cancer. The participants who smoked, consumed alcohol and hot tea did tend to risk esophageal cancer risk by 5 times as compared to participants with none of the three habits. Though, the participants who did not consume alcohol or smoke were not subject to the risk of esophageal cancer.
The study is based on observations and hence its you cannot determine the cause and effect link, but the researchers do speculate that hot tea does damage the lining of the tissue inside the esophagus, thus increasing the chances of injury due to smoking and drinking as well. It can possibly form inflammatory compounds post repeated irritation to the esophagus, thereby increasing the risk of cancer as well.
Having said that, we have also come across contradictory statements with regards to cancer and tea. In the recent past WHO did conclude that beverages with temperatures above 149 degrees F including did increase the risk of esophageal cancer, however tea has been excluded most of the times in the past from the cancer causing beverages. Furthermore green tea is known to be lowering cancer risk as well.
So a better idea is to consume tea at less higher temperatures that do not risk the chance of causing esophageal cancer. Obviously, it goes without saying that you need to stay away from addictions like smoking or alcohol as well.
Knocking out genes is a technique which researchers and scientists use when the want to find out
which gene is responsible for production of which protein. In a human body there are around 20,500 different genes that each gene is responsible for making a protein because they are known to be the building blocks for different components of the body be it muscles or bones or brain and more. Apparently, our body is made up proteins. Every gene is responsible for producing a different type of protein and the knocking out technique only helps scientists figure out who is responsible for what.
Knocking out a Gene
The scientists first find out genes with some serious mutation or mistake or create one if needed. These genes are dud genes and do not contribute a bit in production of protein. Now, this gene is injected into the DNA of a healthy cell. The scientists attach a tag called reporter gene to it for identification purpose of whether they have been accepted by the cell. Another identification of reporter genes is that the proteins they produce often glow in blue or green. The scientists apparently fool the DNA in a way. A DNA a we know is made up of long strand of genes and these genes can get damaged but the DNA has an inbuilt mechanism to fix the issue. With the help of a cellular tool box the scientist insert the knocked out gene into the DNA. They do this very smartly by making it look like a perfect copy of the surrounding gene that is to be replaced in that DNA. This disguise of sorts fold the DNA repair system and its swaps the dud gene for the old healthy gene, thus knocking out the original gene.
Some times scientists do not have to swap the gene fully. They can simply insert the reporter gene into the DNA they wish to get rid of, randomly. Now, the reporter gene is wedged in the middle of the old gene. Now, there is an all new piece of DNA inside and if a cell goes to read the gene, the instructions would not make sense to the cell due to its presence there. It would not use the gene to make a protein.
The scientist keep a watch on the process. They observe the working in case it is yeast or bacterium but if it is an embryo, scientists observe on how the animal or plant growth differs from other normal ones.
Today, scientists use different techniques to knock out the genes of any organism they want to. It could be mice or bacteria or for that matter even plants that have knocked out genes. Well, scientists today can knock out even human cells growing in the labs.
Rajarajeswari Medical College and Hospital – MOTTO: Availability of medical facilities is of utmost importance. We aim to serve the healthcare requirements needs to the medically unreached population. Through this, we provide quality medical, paramedical, nursing and allied healthcare education, excellent and compassionate hospital services with state of the art facilities as well as to carry out health research for the betterment of the humankind in tune with the holistic values of the institution.
Flu as we all know is a common condition that all of us encounter many a times during our stay on the earth or say our life span. You would rarely find a human who has not been a victim of this health condition. But, there is some good news around this condition. A recent study of a new vaccine containing ancestral flue virus genes is a ray of hope for researchers in the direction of life long protection against flu.
The vaccine was tested on mice and gave 100 percent results. The vaccine was so effective that even after being given nine different flu virus dozes of lethal nature they survived. The best part was they didn’t even fall sick.
Comparatively those mice that were given the traditional shots of flu did fall sick after these lethal doses were given to them and even died. Though, the study is primarily conducted on mice and it would be too early to say how it worked on humans, there is definitely a ray of hope. The hope that one day a universal flu vaccine is developed that would provide long term rather life long protection against flu viruses.
Though even after trying out the researchers still haven’t really succeeded in creating a vaccine that could offer life long protection because of the reason that flu viruses mutate fast. A recent study though used a different approach. The vaccine they created had ancestral and consensus flu genes from four main strain types namely H1 to H5. The delivery of these genes was done using adenovirus, the one responsible for causing common cold but an altered version of it that was harmless and had the ability to carry ancestral genes.
The results as mentioned were affirmative as these mice survived heavy doses of H1N1, H3N1, H3N2 and H5N1 which can easily kill the mice. Apparently 100% of the vaccinated mice survived.
Well, its too early to confirm the success but further study on different animals will certainly help the researchers determine the efficacy of the vaccine in terms of long term protection.