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Top 5 Pregnancy Complications

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The news of pregnancy brings in smiles on the members on the faces of the family. On the flip side, during the three trimesters, you need to be on your toes and alert because pregnancy can cause complications if proper care is not taken. Though you are going to be under the scanner all through the pregnancy cycle and your doctor is going to get you tested on various complications, you yourself need to be aware of them and take self-care to keep them at bay.

Here is a run through some complications of pregnancy that can be life threatening to the fetus and the mom as well.

Top 5 Pregnancy Complications

1. Pre-eclampisa – It is the almost rare condition in pregnancy because it usually affects only 5 % of the pregnant women in India. This condition is caused by high level of proteins in the urine, high blood pressure or kidney conditions post 20 weeks of pregnancy.
Care needs to be taken to be aware and act promptly by the doctor if there are even mild symptoms of it because it can progress fast and can be life threatening to the baby and the mother too. The solution to it is early delivery.

2. Gestational Diabetes – This is one of the common conditions occurring in pregnant women in India. Around 10% women could be prey to this condition that can be diagnosed during 24-28 weeks of pregnancy. Post diagnosis your blood sugar levels will be monitored on a regular basis. Most of them with mild conditions manage to keep it at bay through exercise and diet and are able to deliver healthy babies without complications. But, care needs to be taken to avoid it from aggravating because it can then cause serious harm to the fetus.

3. Placenta Previa – This is condition can cause complications towards the end of pregnancy not in the early stages. Hence, the doctors check the location and placement of your placenta with a sonography test during the second tri-semester. 1 in 200 women can have this condition and it can be quite dangerous if the placenta is at extremely low levels.

4. Miscarriage – One of the most dreaded conditions which can only be avoided by taking proper care, miscarriage is caused in the first 20 weeks. This is common with Indian women and 20% of them experience this condition within 12 weeks mostly. The symptoms of it include spotting and bleeding at the vagina. The doctor does a sonography to check for the condition. The reason behind early miscarriages is usually

5. Premature Delivery – Premature delivery is when the cervix opens before 37 weeks of pregnancy. If the delivery happens too early then it can be life threatening for the baby so care needs to be taken to avoid it.

The department of Obstetrics and Gynecology has been providing comprehensive health care for women. We provide regular clinical services in Obstetrics like antenatal care, labor management, postpartum Care. We also provide specialized care in high risk pregnancies like P.I.H, Eclampsia, GDM, Multiple gestations, BOH. With the backup of NICU, we are able to salvage preterm babies of 30 weeks on wards. Highly qualified doctors, with the help of well equipped labor ward, conduct normal and caesarian deliveries

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Ayurvedagram – Benefits of Panchakarma – Hospital in Bangalore

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Originated in India and over 5000 years old, Ayurveda has been there for centuries and is a proven natural or alternative treatment procedure. Even Chine and Tibetan forms of alternative medicines have their roots in Ayurveda besides Greeks who are also known to have embraced Ayurveda. ‘Ayur’ is a Sanskrit word for life and ‘Veda’ means science, hence together it means science of life. It is a more holistic approach towards health of the mind, body and soul in unison.

One of the very popular procedures in Ayurveda that has helped over millions of people across the globe is the herbal healing therapy known as ‘Panchakarma’. It is apparently a five stage detoxification and purification therapy that is a beautiful amalgamation of five amazing procedures.

Benefits of Panchakarma

PANCHAKARMA PROCEDURE
As the name suggests, Panchakarma procedure consists of Vamana, Virechana, Vasti, Nasya and Raktamokshana.

1. Vamana – This process is a therapeutic vomiting process done for clearing the respiratory and gastronomical tract toxins through removal of excess mucus, responsible for ‘Kapha’. The domino effect of the procedure is that the person feels good.

2. Virechana – This is a therapeutic purgation inducing procedure for removing the pitta toxins from the body. It is known to produce amazing results for Headaches, Hyper Acidity, Digestive Disorders, Asthma and Gynecological disorders, etc. The purgatives include Laxatives, Drastic Purgatives and more.

3. Vasti – An integral part of Panchkarma, Vasti needs to be performed under the observation of an Ayurvedic expert and is specially used against Vata or rheumatic conditions. The dosha’s or toxins from the body are expelled through the anus or vaginal canals using ayurvedic oils and herbs. The oils used for the procedure include Calamus oil, Sesame oil and more. While there are many types of Vasti’s, Uttaravasti, Kashayavasti, Snehavasti and Sirovasti are the main ones. This procedure of panchkarma is very effective in treatment of Vata.

4. Nasya – This treatment as the name suggested is associated with the nasal tract and is carried out to get rid of toxins like congestion and sinus, from the neck and head region. The procedure performed is called nasyakarma and the formulations are called nasika kalpana.

5. Raktamokshana – Raktamokshana is a combination of two words, one is rakt which means blood and the other is mokshana which means leaving. There are two types in Raktamokshana, Shastra Visravana and Anushsastra Visravana. The treatment is recommended for people with an imbalance in blood and ‘pitta doshas’ as well as skin disorders like eczema, dermatitis and sciatica.

Well, so if you are living with conditions mentioned above and want them to be treated, seek advice from Ayurveda experts on your health issues and take a step to good health through Ayurvedic healing.

High Belly Fat is Equal To Low Vitamin D

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A recent study has revealed that bigger waistline and high level of belly fat is a sign of lower levels of Vitamin D. We all know that Vitamin D is known to be one of the most important minerals of the body and is responsible for a varied roles. It does protect your body against cancer, diabetes, hair-loss as well as heart failure. Though it is related to bone health it does have a role to play in areas of autoimmune diseases and respiratory tract infections, to name a few.

Indian population is said to have deficiency of Vitamin D on an epidemic scale with around 70 – 100 percent of the population is known to have Vitamin D Deficiency. While the link between Obesity and lower Vitamin D levels are always known, a team of researchers tried to dig into the details and understand more on the location as well as the type of role it plays. The study was based on the data of thousands of women from Epidemiology of obesity study of Netherlands.

The researching team concentrated on total fat that included belly fat (abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue) under the skin (visceral adipose tissue) as well as in the liver (hepatic fat) and around the organs. They even made necessary adjustments around data with respect to education level, chronic disease, smoking, alcohol intake and physical activity levels.

The study found that abdominal fat had the greatest effect of lower vitamin D levels while both abdominal fat as well as total fat were linked to the deficiency in vitamin D. The other fact that came forth was in both males and females higher belly fat pointed to lower Vitamin D levels.

The study also revealed that people who have bigger waistlines are at a higher risk of developing Vitamin D deficiency and need to check up their Vitamin D levels as well. The study also sort answers around questions like the reason behind the Vitamin D Deficiency, whether it was because the belly fat increased or was it that the deficiency resulted in the fat being stored in the belly part. Even though it’s tricky to draw a conclusion on why there is an association between vitamin D levels and obesity but one point is clear that there is apparently a strong association and that vitamin D has a definite role to play in terms of fat storage in the abdomen and function.

 

Know more about RRMCH

Non Specific Low Back Pain and Beyond

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Around 3 in 5 people in India suffer from back pain on an average. While most of the time the back pain issue is not serious, the cause is not known many a times. When such a pain occurs, it is known as non -specific pain and only pain killers are used to ease it while continuing routine activities as usual. This kind of pain generally disappears within 5-6 weeks but there is every possibility of it reoccurring. Sometimes the pain reoccurs on a regular basis. This is when pain further treatment is required.

CAUSES
As mentioned before there is no particular cause due which non-specific low back pain occurs. But, the possible cause could be a ligament or muscle sprain. Other causes include minor issues with the small facet joint in between the two vertebrae or minor issues with the spinal disc. The problems could also be due to lower back tissues and structure related as well. Hence, even when you try do a test to find out the cause, it is not detectable and hence even the doctor is not able to do the exact diagnosis.
Many of you might be worried when there is not definite diagnosis because you are not aware of the exact course of treatment as well, but some of the optimistic souls feel good because they know that is not a major condition that they are suffering from but a minor non-specific condition that is treatable.

SYMPTOMS
Low back pain of non-specific type could be a result of either lifting some heavy object or an irregular movement that causes a twist or sometimes nothing at all. The pain just starts one fine day or morning in the lower back area and might spread to the thighs and buttocks over a period of time. Lying down or resting for a while can help the back pain with ease. This pain can occur on and off for some time but if it occurs for many months then it needs further diagnosis and treatment because it is termed as chronic pain. So, if you experience the symptoms like the ones given below then it’s better to consult your doctor for chronic pain.
• Pain starts with less pain but aggravates over a few days to weeks
• A pain that is constant and does not subside even after lying down or resting
• Leg or feet muscles feel weak
• Numbness in the leg
• If you have been taking steroids (tablets) for a while

Well, as far as non-specific pain is concerned it does keep coming and going but does not persist for a long duration hence, it’s your call to take action if the pain is long lasting and reach out to your doctor for chronic pain diagnosis and treatment.

 

Department of Orthopaedics at Vydehi Hospital is full pledged and has all the facilities to treat the patients with Orthopaedic problems.

Brain Tumor

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A brain tumor is a condition that is caused when abnormal cells in the brain grow within the brain or the spinal cord. It can be life threatening because it can disrupt brain functioning. There are two types of brain tumors, ones that are benign (cancerous) and malignant (malignant). The life expectance varies depending upon the stage of the cancer.

Benign Tumors – This tumor grows slowly and does not spread to other tissues, thus is not cancerous in nature.

Malignant Tumor – This tumor grows very fast and contains cancerous cells that invade other parts of the brain and is considered to be life threatening condition.

Brain Tumors are also classified as primary and secondary tumors depending on their origin. If the tumor starts in the brain it is known as primary tumor and if it originates from some other part of the body, it is known as secondary or metastatic tumor.

Symptoms
The symptoms of brain tumor depending upon the type of tumor and the origin of it. The symptoms are mild initially and gradually increase. Sometimes there may be no symptoms at all. Some common symptoms –
Headache that persists
Nausea, vomiting and drowsiness
Speech issues
Memory Issues
Seizures or convulsions
Personality Change
Coordination Change

Diagnosis
Diagnosis involves various tests to be carried out including the following
EEG – An electroencephalogram is used to record brain activities for abnormalities if any using electrodes that are attached to the head.
CT Scan – It gives a detailed X ray picture of the patient’s brain
MRI Scan – It makes use of magnetic field as well as radio waves and provides a detailed image of the brain
Even biopsy is used to further confirm the presence of a tumor.

Treatment
The treatment depends on the diagnosis. It includes factors like type of tumor, age of the patient, size of the tumor, tolerance levels of the patient to name a few.

Surgery – The first course of treatment for Cancer starts with surgery and removal of the tumor or a part of it as much as possible. They take care that the neigh-boring tissues are not harmed. The remaining tumor is removed with the help of various cancer therapies,

Chemotherapy – Chemotherapy is used for treating serious type of malignant tumors. It stops the cells from multiplying or duplicating.
Radiation Therapy – Radio therapy uses intense energy beams to destroy the tumor and prevent it from growing. It attacks the tumor cells, leading to shrinkage in the tumor which can be further be managed using immune system of a person.

Radio Surgery – Also known as stereotactic radio surgery (SRS), this involves giving a targeted and precise dose in the form of an X-ray radiation.
Risk Factors – There is no definite reason behind brain tumors. It might be hereditary but in rare cases. The only risk factor associated with brain tumor is radiation exposure.

Survival – The survival rate post the diagnosis also depends on a lot of factors but for malignant tumors of primary type the 5 year rate is around less than 35%.

 

RRMCH is one the best hospitals in Bangalore and it are also the best Neuro hospital in India. It has got the best neurologist in Bangalore

Dark Spots On Whites of Eyes – Rajarajeswari Hospital in Bangalore

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When there is any sort of a spot on the sclera, it is prominent because of the white background. Hence, it catches your notice mostly within no time of surfacing. So, if you are one of those who has recently discovered a spot on the white area of your eye or sclera as it is called, then here’s what you need to know about the same.

Usually these freckles or spots are harmless but if it has occurred suddenly out of the blue, then it’s advisable to consult an ophthalmologist because it could be a sign of something critical or cancer as well.

Dark Spot on the sclera of eye

SPOTS, TYPES AND CAUSES
These spots unlike moles are more of a lesion or nevus, mostly flat or may be slightly raised in either black, pink or brown color. Sometimes this nevus could be pigmentation free as well. This nevus could also occur in tissue beneath the retina and needs a special lamp to view.

Also known as pigmented tumors, these spots or freckles are almost harmless. The most common of the eye tumors is Congenital nevi besides others like conjunctival melanoma and melanosis. Nevi is caused due pigmentation cells or over growth of melanocytes. Most of the people who have nevi have it since their birth or it surfaces in their early childhood itself. Usually the spot might not be noticeable until puberty because at this age it becomes bigger and darker too.

While primary acquired melanosis usually occurs in the middle to people with fair skin and suddenly too.
The most – rare form is the Conjunctival melanosis and either occurs suddenly or as primary acquired melanosis.

TREATMENT
As per the eye cancer network most eye pigmented lesions are benign in nature and practically harmless. But, the eye specialists need to monitor these lesions to check for any signs of shape change and growth. Particular attention needs to be paid on whether the lesion extends to the cornea or develops and increase in blood supply. As compared to malignant lesions the benign nevi grows at a slower rate. In case there is any change in shape or size of the lesion the doctor might advise a biopsy but congenital nevi becoming cancerous is extremely rare even if it shows change in shape or size.

Well, dark spots in the sclera are usually not a matter of grave concern but it’s always advisable that you consult your ophthalmologist to get a clear idea of the lesion or nevi and further line of action.

Recent International Outbreak – Ebola Virus

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The Ebola virus is responsible for spread of Ebola haemorragic fever, a rare diseases that is found in Africa with a mortality rate of 25% to 90%. The transmission of the virus is possible human to human through direct contact with blood as well as bodily fluids. The outbreak first occurred in the year 1976 in the Democratic Republic of Congo. As of now most of the outbreaks have been spotted in Africa only.

Symptoms
The initial symptoms of Ebola haemorrhagic fever are misleading as they are same as any conditions like malaria or common cold. It starts suddenly accompanied with fatigue, lack of appetite, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea (contain mucus or blood sometimes). The second stage is when the symptoms aggravate and lead to bleeding skin, gums and nose, blood vomits and stools. The patient could also show symptoms like sore throat, swallowing issues and skin rashes.

Risk Factors
If a person comes in direct contact with the secretions, bodily fluids, organs or blood of the infected living or dead organisms. Though in the initial stage of symptomatic patients the risk is very low. It can also spread through unprotected sexual contact with a recovered ebola infected patient too.
Though it is transmitted through droplets but a casual contact cannot lead to an infection unless there is any contact with bodily fluids. Though most of these infections are human to human but there have been cases where handling dead animals like chimpanzees, bats, wild animals or bush meat has lead to the same.

Mortality Rate
The mortality rate of patients infected with ebola is said to be very high as much as 25% to 90%.

Treatment
As of now there is no vaccine and no treatment for the ebola haemorragic fever and only supportive care is the offered treatment in order to provide relief from side effects of any arising complications.
Preventive Measures
In order to breaking the transmission chain. The suspected people and the people who have come in close contact with the infected people need to be kept under supervision.
• To prevent yourself from contracting ebola stay away from infected people.
• Avoid close contact or contact with bodily fluids of the infected deceased.
• Wash hands with soap and antiseptics on a regular basis
• Avoid consuming bush meat and contact with wild animals like rodents, bats, monkeys, forest antelopes dead or alive.

RRMCHDepartment of General Medicine caters the needs of Undergraduate, Postgraduate students and provides round the clock patient related services.