Month: November 2016

VACCINATIONS FOR BABIES IN INDIA

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It is aptly said that prevention is better than cure. Even today, after so much advancement in the field of medical healthcare, some life threatening diseases still exist as we haven’t been able to wipe them off the planet. Another threat is that of the newly discovered diseases that are life threatening and do not have any remedy as on date. As we are constantly under the fear of getting affected by these diseases, vaccinations are one way we can offer a resistance against some of the life threatening diseases for children.

The Indian government has already listed down the mandatory and optional vaccinations for infants and children. The government has also made a provision for making them available to the common people at subsidized rates. Lets us run down the vaccinations list for babies in India*, mandatory and optional.

vaccinations list for babies in India

MANDATORY AND OPTIONAL VACCINATION CHART FOR INFANTS

AGE

MANDATORY

DISEASE

OPTIONAL

DISEASE

Birth

BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin)

Tuberculosis

HPV (Human Papila Virus)

* Only for girls

Cervical Cancer/ Genital Cancers

OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine) 0

Polio

Hepatitis B

Liver infection

1.5 m

DTP ( Diptheria, Perturssis and Tetanus)

Diptheria, Perturssis & Tetanus

HIB (Haemophilus Influenza Type B)

Menagitis

OPV vaccine (Oral Polio Vaccine)

Polio

Pneumococcal

Pneumococcal disease

Hepatitis B

Liver Infection

2.5 m

DTP ( Diptheria, Perturssis and Tetanus)

Diptheria, Perturssis & Tetanus

HIB (Haemophilus Influenza type B)

Meningitis

OPV vaccine (Oral Polio Vaccine)

Polio

Pneumococcal

Pneumococcal disease

Hepatitis B

Liver Infection

IPV (Inactivated Polio Vaccine)

Polio

3.5 m

DTP ( Diptheria, Perturssis and Tetanus)

Diptheria, Perturssis & Tetanus

Pneumococcal

Pneumococcal disease

OPV vaccine -1 (Oral Polio Vaccine)

Polio

HIB (Haemophilus Influenza type B) MCV4 and MPSV4

Meningitis

6 m

Hepatitis B

Liver Infection

Rotavirus

Severe Diarrhoea

* First dose before completion of six months

Ifluenza

Flu

9 m

Measles

12 m

Varicella

Chicken pox

15 m

MMR 2

Pneumococcal booster

Pneumococcal disease

IPV (Inactivate Polio Vaccine)

Polio

18 m

OPV vaccine (Oral Polio Vaccine)

Polio

HiB booster (Haemophilus Influenza type B)

Meningitis

DTP booster ( Diptheria, Perturssis and Tetanus)

Diptheria, Perturssis & Tetanus

Hepatitis A

Liver Infection

2 years

Typhoid Booster

Hepatitis A

4 years

MMR

Measles, Mumps, Rubella

5 years

OPV Booster (Oral Polio Vaccine)

Polio

DTP Booster (Diptheria, Pertussis and Tetanus)

This is your first step towards keeping your baby or infant away from certain dreaded diseases. Be sure not to miss it. It is advisable to go for both mandatory and optional vaccines if it is viable in terms of money.

* This is a tentative list based on research. Do verify.

Contact   Best child specialist in Bangalore – paediatric surgery

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Healthcare Inequalities in Today’s Times

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healthcare inequality

As far as the healthcare scenario in India is concerned, we have achieved a lot of success through our efforts but the target that was set for the year 2000 was health for all, it hasn’t been achieved. Over the last 50 years the government has been able to establish numerous primary health care centres across the country but in a country with a billion people and counting, complexities while managing health care are quite obvious. In the urban slums of India, healthcare delivery is even more challenging due to the rising population, the poverty and hygiene issues. Diseases like HIV/AIDS that is growing in the slum regions is creating the need for prevention initiatives, pilot projects for care of HIV infected individuals, counseling their families are essential. There is a stigma, a fear or a taboo amongst the people about this life threatening disease.

At present, the need of the hour is to promote health equity, channel the non governmental resources, improvise the managerial sector, create public-private sector partnerships to deal with the demands and the challenges of healthcare.

RRMCH

As per the studies, over 70% of India’s population seeks the help of private medical practitioners. There is substantial information on the misuse of antibiotics and also about people using alternative and traditional methods or practices that they call magical healing and need in-depth evaluation. In some states of India the immunization cover is said to be 20-25 % only which speaks for the poor state of health supervision in the country.

On the brighter side, the government has come up with an action plan on healthcare which involves the people of the country. It is planning to come up with a surveillance system for every state wherein people participate and help in generating essential data. This is certainly a ray of hope for the future of healthcare in the country. Another important initiative in the direction would be increase in the spending on biomedical research. With advanced technology at help, advancement through research can lead to fulfillment of the health for all dream. China is already spending a lot of biomedical research and even increasing its spend substantially year by year. This is a visionary approach towards a healthy country and is a lesson to others too.

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Importance of Public Health Care to a Country-A Sneak Peak

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We all know the fact that when a country prospers, so do the citizens of the country. It also includes health and wellness of the country’s citizens. But, we might not be aware of the fact that even the vice versa holds true. To bring economic prosperity to a country, citizens of the country are responsible. If they are healthy and fit, only then can they work and make a country prosper. So, we may wisely say that economic progress of a country does depend on the health of its people and hence, healthcare is of prime importance to a country. If any country thinks otherwise, it is high time it thinks about it again.

phs-public-health-system

Health is wealth and truly so, if wealth is lost it can be acquired again only if you are healthy and fit enough to do so. Hence, it is imperative for any country to give healthcare prime importance and carry out an action plan to prevent it as much as possible.

There are many challenges that are faced by developing as well as developed nations with respect to healthcare. While the developing nations are struggling with resource and infrastructure issues, the already developed nations have to face issues with regard to the aging population of the country.

The recent example is Ebola, a virus that has taken away lives of hundreds and thousands in Africa. The country wasn’t prepared for this challenge at all and NIH is dealing with the crisis now. Many of the lower and middle income countries give more importance to communicable diseases only because if care is not taken, there is a possibility of these diseases spreading like fire and causing health havoc around. The flip-side of the story is that even developed countries are caught in the clutches of diseases that are non communicable or say lifestyle ones like diabetes, cancer, hypertension and more. So, its time for countries to pay attention to both the types and work towards eradicating them.

On the brighter side, technology has been of a great help to deal with healthcare situations and preventing, detecting and treating the same as well. With the help of advanced technology, it is becoming easier to manage healthcare systems and get solutions. Furthermore, it is not just about building more hospital that is going to solve the healthcare issues. It important get to the roots and find effective solutions with a vision. For example, China today is investing a lot in healthcare research and increasing its spend on the same by over 20% every year. It is almost equal to what USA spends today and would be actually more that that in the times to come. This is only because it believes that research is an effective way to build their economy. Ask a visionary about this and he/she would totally agree with what China is doing right now.

physical-health-system

In a nutshell, healthcare needs to be on the top of the mind, while devising policies and strategies for the country. Any country is all about people power. The healthier the people, the more the workforce, the more the output, the more the increase in economy.

 

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Source: http://hubpages.com/politics/Why-I-Think-Healthcare-is-Important-in-a-Country

 

MCI passes order For making Generic Drug Names mandatory

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MCI - Generic Drug names

The Medical council of India in its recent notification has made it mandatory for the Physicians to prescribe or recommend only generic names of drugs. It also added that the names need to be written legibly to ensure rational recommendation.

The medical fraternity of Kolkata is yet to make the change that is already made compulsory by the government order issued under IMC (professional conduct, etiquette and ethics regulations). Even the doctors doing private practice are yet to put this order to practice, while the medical college doctors have already started abiding by it.

The main objective behind the order is to benefit patients on a long run by keeping a check on the prices of drugs. On the flip side the private practitioners are finding it problematic to prescribe generic drugs due to the scarcity of them with pharmacists and also as finding trained pharmacists with the ability to identify generic names is not easy.

RRMCH

A certain group of doctors are having grave concern over the availability issues of generic drugs though. Generic drugs today are mostly available only with some government hospital drug stores. The private pharmacies rarely have them. So, with the order to use generic drugs, its needed that the flow of generic drugs is also increased and they are made available in plenty across pharmacies and hospitals. The doctors hence want the MCI to take note of the fact and swing into action. Doctors have also assured that once the drug flow is improved, they would be easily able to prescribe or recommend them.

Another concern coming out from another group of practitioners is that they had observed that the generic drugs they had prescribed were not satisfactory and could not cure their patients. Their patients have also been complaining about the same is what some of the doctors mentioned. So, this group is confused at clinical level about recommending them.

Though experts have already claimed that the generic drugs go through some of the most stringent checks and standard clearances before coming out for sale and are known to be highly effective. They also said that the patients or people need to made aware of the facts about generic medicines so that they come out of their misconceptions and judge-mental opinions.

Source: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kolkata/Medical-Council-of-India-makes-generic-names-mandatory/articleshow/55030109.cms