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AIR POLLUTION COULD BE RESPONSIBLE FOR OBESITY & TYPE 2 DIABETES IN CHILDREN

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A study of children aged 8- 15 years has shown that high levels of air pollution could result in high BMI, reduction in beta cell function and insulin sensitivity as well. Thus, increasing the risk of type 2 diabetes in them. This has raised an alarm amongst the health authorities and is a matter of grave concern for the parents as well. Already the issues of obesity in the children of this age are huge due to the calorie rich diet habits accompanied by the sedentary lifestyle. Now, this risk of type 2 diabetes is another addition alongside obesity issues.

Again, its a known fact that obesity could increase the risk of diabetes…but even air pollution does increase the risk is what the study is all about. The stunning part is that in some cases air pollution effect on metabolism was more than almost 5% body fat increase.

The study by Childhood Obesity Research Centre is apparently based on examining around 314 lanito children from Los Angeles who were obese with a high BMI but did not have diabetes. The children were in pre puberty age group and it was found that more the exposure to pollution of air, the more was the probability of fast increase in BMI.

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Considering the study and comparing the same with Indian children it is observed that obesity rate of children in India has already doubled during the past decade even though one of the major issues in children of India has been malnutrition. Further as air pollution spreads its wings across the urbane populace in the country, type 2 diabetes affecting children would be an added risk to be dealt with amongst children, other than obesity issue.

The solution for the same now lies in focusing on improving the environment standards in India.
Only a healthier environment can help reduce such health hazards affecting our grassroot levels.

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Childhood Obesity Management in India

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Childhood Obesity management in India

Going by the recent figures, it can be factually stated that Childhood Obesity is catching up like wild fire across borders. It has already reached epidemic levels in some developed countries and there is no denying that developing countries are also experiencing the brunt it.

Continents like America and Europe are leading the list with horrifying figures of over 20% affected populace. Well, the Asians and Africans are not far behind either, with startling figures that state of over 10% children caught in the claws of the monster called childhood obesity.

Apparently, limited evidence is available in India on childhood obesity and research on the same is in progress. Even-though, there are a few factors that seem to primarily influence the rise in the condition. The factors include environmental factors, genetics, metabolic programming, diet habits and sedentary lifestyle, to name a few.

Well, sedentary lifestyle alongside dietary habits particularly instant and junk foods consumption amongst children, particularly in urban settings has increased the risk of obesity associated diseases like type 2 diabetes mellitus, metabolic resistance and more as well.

Childhood Obesity
There are many causes that lead to obesity in children. Here is a run down the major two.

High Calorie Diet
Children in the urban setups are addicted to instant and junk foods which is a major cause of obesity in cities. While it actually begins at birth, when people tend to over feed their babies to make them healthy and end up making them obese. Even the school cafeteria’s do not have any meal plans depending upon individual state of health. Children eat as much as they want, many a times much more than required. Many parents also tend to forcefully feed children even if they are done due to their traditional beliefs of health and nutrition. This is one of the major factor leading childhood obesity.

Sedentary Lifestyle
Before the advent of television, video games, tablets and play stations, children used to indulge into outdoor activities, sports and games a lot. But, now children are more of confined to indoors busy playing games on computers, play-stations or watching cartoons on television. Also, commuting before was either walking or cycling, now its more about buses, cars and skateboards. The lifestyle has become sedentary and thus resulted into obesity rise.

Prevention is the Key
To put a brake on the rise of obesity cases across the globe, a unanimous solution or key is prevention of it. It primarily includes avoiding weight gain, working on reduction of weight and weight regain as well. Many initiatives are undertaken by government and private organizations of different countries in order to create awareness on childhood obesity related health hazards and also its prevention. This includes increased intake of vegetables and fruits, participation in outdoor sports activities and other physical activities like dance and more. Consumption of healthy snacks and saying no to junk foods or limiting the intake to bare minimum are some steps suggested to the populace in order to prevent obesity in the younger generation across the world.

There are many other factors that lead to childhood obesity as mentioned before and in order to put brakes on the ever increasing number of cases, prevention is the best way out. So in general, parents need to promote healthy eating habits in children and include adequate number of physical activities in their daily routine so as to promote a healthy and fit way of life right from the grassroots level, thus curbing childhood obesity to an extent.

Contact to Child Specialist in BangaloreRajarajeswari Medical College and Hospital

VACCINATIONS FOR BABIES IN INDIA

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It is aptly said that prevention is better than cure. Even today, after so much advancement in the field of medical healthcare, some life threatening diseases still exist as we haven’t been able to wipe them off the planet. Another threat is that of the newly discovered diseases that are life threatening and do not have any remedy as on date. As we are constantly under the fear of getting affected by these diseases, vaccinations are one way we can offer a resistance against some of the life threatening diseases for children.

The Indian government has already listed down the mandatory and optional vaccinations for infants and children. The government has also made a provision for making them available to the common people at subsidized rates. Lets us run down the vaccinations list for babies in India*, mandatory and optional.

vaccinations list for babies in India

MANDATORY AND OPTIONAL VACCINATION CHART FOR INFANTS

AGE

MANDATORY

DISEASE

OPTIONAL

DISEASE

Birth

BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin)

Tuberculosis

HPV (Human Papila Virus)

* Only for girls

Cervical Cancer/ Genital Cancers

OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine) 0

Polio

Hepatitis B

Liver infection

1.5 m

DTP ( Diptheria, Perturssis and Tetanus)

Diptheria, Perturssis & Tetanus

HIB (Haemophilus Influenza Type B)

Menagitis

OPV vaccine (Oral Polio Vaccine)

Polio

Pneumococcal

Pneumococcal disease

Hepatitis B

Liver Infection

2.5 m

DTP ( Diptheria, Perturssis and Tetanus)

Diptheria, Perturssis & Tetanus

HIB (Haemophilus Influenza type B)

Meningitis

OPV vaccine (Oral Polio Vaccine)

Polio

Pneumococcal

Pneumococcal disease

Hepatitis B

Liver Infection

IPV (Inactivated Polio Vaccine)

Polio

3.5 m

DTP ( Diptheria, Perturssis and Tetanus)

Diptheria, Perturssis & Tetanus

Pneumococcal

Pneumococcal disease

OPV vaccine -1 (Oral Polio Vaccine)

Polio

HIB (Haemophilus Influenza type B) MCV4 and MPSV4

Meningitis

6 m

Hepatitis B

Liver Infection

Rotavirus

Severe Diarrhoea

* First dose before completion of six months

Ifluenza

Flu

9 m

Measles

12 m

Varicella

Chicken pox

15 m

MMR 2

Pneumococcal booster

Pneumococcal disease

IPV (Inactivate Polio Vaccine)

Polio

18 m

OPV vaccine (Oral Polio Vaccine)

Polio

HiB booster (Haemophilus Influenza type B)

Meningitis

DTP booster ( Diptheria, Perturssis and Tetanus)

Diptheria, Perturssis & Tetanus

Hepatitis A

Liver Infection

2 years

Typhoid Booster

Hepatitis A

4 years

MMR

Measles, Mumps, Rubella

5 years

OPV Booster (Oral Polio Vaccine)

Polio

DTP Booster (Diptheria, Pertussis and Tetanus)

This is your first step towards keeping your baby or infant away from certain dreaded diseases. Be sure not to miss it. It is advisable to go for both mandatory and optional vaccines if it is viable in terms of money.

* This is a tentative list based on research. Do verify.

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