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A Little Brain Resides Inside Your Little Heart

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It has been centuries since it is a known fact that the heart and brain inter communicate with each other and that the heart sends far more signals to the brain than otherwise. Well, may be this point was never really explored much earlier as neo-cardiology is a relatively newer field. But, now after substantial research in the field it has been established that our heart does have its own little brain and that is is apparently a sensory organ. It is also proved that it is an encoding and processing center that’s highly sophisticated enough to designate it as a heart brain.

The heart brain

A LITTLE BRAIN RESIDES INSIDE YOUR LITTLE HEARTThe heart brain or the hearts nervous system is made of ganglia which in turn consists of sensory neurites spread all over the heart and different types of circuit neurons. The findings about the little brain residing within the heart are startling. The nervous system of the heart is a self organized but convoluted system. The demonstration of its ability to reform new neural connections on a short term and long term span in order to reorganize itself is demonstrated clearly. The extrinsic cardiac ganglia in the thoracic cavity is indirectly linked to many organs, arteries and skin through the spinal cord and directly linked to organs like esophagus and lungs. The processing and integration of the information from sensory neurons in the heart and the extrinsic nervous system is carried out by the intrinsic nervous system.

Heart brain & Brain communication
The heart generates powerful rhythmic information patterns for continuous communication with the brain while the brain receives the information sent by the heart via the nodose ganglion and the vagus nerve to the medulla. After reaching the medulla, the signals further commute to the cortical and sub-cortical areas. Studies and research have found that heart communicates with the brain on a continuous basis via different modes be it biochemical, neurological, energetic or biophysical. It also has a vital role to play in synchronization of the body.

Thus, the heart is apparently at the heart of regulation of dynamics of processes due to its high influence on physiological, emotional as well as cognitive systems, all this because of its little own intrinsic brain.

Know More Best Neuro Hospital in India and Vagus Nerve Stimulation

* Disclaimer – Sourced from the internet. Verification required

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AIR POLLUTION COULD BE RESPONSIBLE FOR OBESITY & TYPE 2 DIABETES IN CHILDREN

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A study of children aged 8- 15 years has shown that high levels of air pollution could result in high BMI, reduction in beta cell function and insulin sensitivity as well. Thus, increasing the risk of type 2 diabetes in them. This has raised an alarm amongst the health authorities and is a matter of grave concern for the parents as well. Already the issues of obesity in the children of this age are huge due to the calorie rich diet habits accompanied by the sedentary lifestyle. Now, this risk of type 2 diabetes is another addition alongside obesity issues.

Again, its a known fact that obesity could increase the risk of diabetes…but even air pollution does increase the risk is what the study is all about. The stunning part is that in some cases air pollution effect on metabolism was more than almost 5% body fat increase.

The study by Childhood Obesity Research Centre is apparently based on examining around 314 lanito children from Los Angeles who were obese with a high BMI but did not have diabetes. The children were in pre puberty age group and it was found that more the exposure to pollution of air, the more was the probability of fast increase in BMI.

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Considering the study and comparing the same with Indian children it is observed that obesity rate of children in India has already doubled during the past decade even though one of the major issues in children of India has been malnutrition. Further as air pollution spreads its wings across the urbane populace in the country, type 2 diabetes affecting children would be an added risk to be dealt with amongst children, other than obesity issue.

The solution for the same now lies in focusing on improving the environment standards in India.
Only a healthier environment can help reduce such health hazards affecting our grassroot levels.

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Bone Metastases – The Significance of Radiation Therapy

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A study in Canada has found that radiation therapy is highly effective in reducing the pain caused by bone metastases from different cancers and significantly improving the quality of life for the patient for a short while at least. The study also reveals that compared to the multiple fraction treatments provided to cancer patients, single fraction treatments have shown better and effective results against pain relief.

Bone Metastases - The Significance of Radiation Therapy
photo courtesy : http://www.webmd.com/cancer/ss/slideshow-cancer-bone-metastasis

The focus of the study was laid more on improving the quality of life for the time that was left with the patient rather than on increasing the patients lifespan. Off-course palliative care is an integral part of a patients journey through cancer and has to be carried out all through. As for radiation dose results, the patients response and condition was seen to be improving day per day and this was something new and interesting for the researchers. After 2 weeks one fifth of the total number of patients seemed to have experienced positive results with considerable pain relief.

Another study was carried out in order to check if the 5 dose course of a medicine named ‘dexamethasone’ taken every day for four days post palliative radiotherapy and a single dose before the same, worked well in reducing the risk of painful flares in patients with metastases of bone.

In a study where 298 patients with a pain score of 2 on a scale of 1 to 10 were given a single 8 Gy radiation dose. These patients noted worst pain score between days 1 to 10 and after day 42 of the treatment. Around day 10, almost over 40% had experienced relief by responding well to the radiotheraphy. 37 showed full response while 85 of them showed partial. The complete procedure of measuring the QOL was carried out using advanced and validated tools.

Considering the affirmative results of the aforementioned study and other related ones, it is apparently upto the patients with bone metastases, their doctors and family to understand the importance of radiation along side palliative care for serious pain relief and improving QOL of the cancer patient considerably until she/he is alive.

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Future of Indian Healthcare – Bird’s Eye View

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While healthcare is set to be worth 280 million by 2020, the current scenario needs to be reviewed and an effective action plan needs to be devised to make it prosper. The healthcare system is in India is mainly influenced by the four factors – the number of practicing doctors, the pharma industry, the medical equipments industry and the medical expenditures incurred.

Here’s an overview about the current scenario and the probable initiatives towards a booming healthcare system.

healthcare-future-in-india

Doctors – World Health Organization states a ratio of 1:1000, viz one doctor per thousand patients against the fact sheet speaking about a current ratio of 1:1700. This stats already clears the fog on the availability of doctors and to say the least, there is definite scarcity of doctors in India. The reasons for the same could be many. One of which includes their reluctance to work in rural regions of India. Furthermore, the infrastructure in rural areas is extremely poor. There is unavailability of medical equipments, medicines and more.

Medical Equipments – Earlier the FDI offered by the government of India to the medical equipment industry was as good as nil. But in the last few years the government is offering cent percent FDI and it has served like a booster dose for the industry, affirmatively. Although, there are umpteen hi-tech healthcare equipments that still need to be imported ,making it an expensive affair. This results in affecting the expenses of the patients or consumers, who have to pay hefty sums to avail advanced healthcare services.

Medicines – The pharma industry is booming, yes but the common man is still not benefited as much. Many doctors prefer to prescribe expensive medicines to their patients which results in higher expenses . A survey states that over 4 crore people are in debt due to the exorbitant out of pocket expenses. The out of pocket costs mainly include the medical expenses that are not covered under insurance, the copay costs of healthcare and likes.

Action Plan – Introducing schemes like Janani shishu suraksha yojna in rural areas would be a good idea considering how well it has worked. Sorting out IMR and MMR and strengthening the PP model is needed as well. It also includes augmentation of infrastructure and encouraging doctors to work in rural areas by offering good remunerations, incentives and facilities. The government need to plan for cost friendly medical solutions in the rural areas of the country as well. Drastic steps in the direction of reducing out of pocket expenses to a great extent is, well, need of the hour.

On the brighter side, there are a lot of opportunities in store because the healthcare system in the urban areas seems to be all equipped with fitness and diagnostic chains, healthcare models, advanced medical setups and more. What is needed to boost this up though is innovative entrepreneurship. This can have a sizeable effect on the economic growth. Further, India is fast becoming a popular and sought after destination for medical tourism. Considering such high demand and potential, innovative entrepreneurship, well devised healthcare policies and initiatives can definitely make for a prospering healthcare system.

 

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VACCINATIONS FOR BABIES IN INDIA

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It is aptly said that prevention is better than cure. Even today, after so much advancement in the field of medical healthcare, some life threatening diseases still exist as we haven’t been able to wipe them off the planet. Another threat is that of the newly discovered diseases that are life threatening and do not have any remedy as on date. As we are constantly under the fear of getting affected by these diseases, vaccinations are one way we can offer a resistance against some of the life threatening diseases for children.

The Indian government has already listed down the mandatory and optional vaccinations for infants and children. The government has also made a provision for making them available to the common people at subsidized rates. Lets us run down the vaccinations list for babies in India*, mandatory and optional.

vaccinations list for babies in India

MANDATORY AND OPTIONAL VACCINATION CHART FOR INFANTS

AGE

MANDATORY

DISEASE

OPTIONAL

DISEASE

Birth

BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin)

Tuberculosis

HPV (Human Papila Virus)

* Only for girls

Cervical Cancer/ Genital Cancers

OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine) 0

Polio

Hepatitis B

Liver infection

1.5 m

DTP ( Diptheria, Perturssis and Tetanus)

Diptheria, Perturssis & Tetanus

HIB (Haemophilus Influenza Type B)

Menagitis

OPV vaccine (Oral Polio Vaccine)

Polio

Pneumococcal

Pneumococcal disease

Hepatitis B

Liver Infection

2.5 m

DTP ( Diptheria, Perturssis and Tetanus)

Diptheria, Perturssis & Tetanus

HIB (Haemophilus Influenza type B)

Meningitis

OPV vaccine (Oral Polio Vaccine)

Polio

Pneumococcal

Pneumococcal disease

Hepatitis B

Liver Infection

IPV (Inactivated Polio Vaccine)

Polio

3.5 m

DTP ( Diptheria, Perturssis and Tetanus)

Diptheria, Perturssis & Tetanus

Pneumococcal

Pneumococcal disease

OPV vaccine -1 (Oral Polio Vaccine)

Polio

HIB (Haemophilus Influenza type B) MCV4 and MPSV4

Meningitis

6 m

Hepatitis B

Liver Infection

Rotavirus

Severe Diarrhoea

* First dose before completion of six months

Ifluenza

Flu

9 m

Measles

12 m

Varicella

Chicken pox

15 m

MMR 2

Pneumococcal booster

Pneumococcal disease

IPV (Inactivate Polio Vaccine)

Polio

18 m

OPV vaccine (Oral Polio Vaccine)

Polio

HiB booster (Haemophilus Influenza type B)

Meningitis

DTP booster ( Diptheria, Perturssis and Tetanus)

Diptheria, Perturssis & Tetanus

Hepatitis A

Liver Infection

2 years

Typhoid Booster

Hepatitis A

4 years

MMR

Measles, Mumps, Rubella

5 years

OPV Booster (Oral Polio Vaccine)

Polio

DTP Booster (Diptheria, Pertussis and Tetanus)

This is your first step towards keeping your baby or infant away from certain dreaded diseases. Be sure not to miss it. It is advisable to go for both mandatory and optional vaccines if it is viable in terms of money.

* This is a tentative list based on research. Do verify.

Contact   Best child specialist in Bangalore – paediatric surgery

Importance of Public Health Care to a Country-A Sneak Peak

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We all know the fact that when a country prospers, so do the citizens of the country. It also includes health and wellness of the country’s citizens. But, we might not be aware of the fact that even the vice versa holds true. To bring economic prosperity to a country, citizens of the country are responsible. If they are healthy and fit, only then can they work and make a country prosper. So, we may wisely say that economic progress of a country does depend on the health of its people and hence, healthcare is of prime importance to a country. If any country thinks otherwise, it is high time it thinks about it again.

phs-public-health-system

Health is wealth and truly so, if wealth is lost it can be acquired again only if you are healthy and fit enough to do so. Hence, it is imperative for any country to give healthcare prime importance and carry out an action plan to prevent it as much as possible.

There are many challenges that are faced by developing as well as developed nations with respect to healthcare. While the developing nations are struggling with resource and infrastructure issues, the already developed nations have to face issues with regard to the aging population of the country.

The recent example is Ebola, a virus that has taken away lives of hundreds and thousands in Africa. The country wasn’t prepared for this challenge at all and NIH is dealing with the crisis now. Many of the lower and middle income countries give more importance to communicable diseases only because if care is not taken, there is a possibility of these diseases spreading like fire and causing health havoc around. The flip-side of the story is that even developed countries are caught in the clutches of diseases that are non communicable or say lifestyle ones like diabetes, cancer, hypertension and more. So, its time for countries to pay attention to both the types and work towards eradicating them.

On the brighter side, technology has been of a great help to deal with healthcare situations and preventing, detecting and treating the same as well. With the help of advanced technology, it is becoming easier to manage healthcare systems and get solutions. Furthermore, it is not just about building more hospital that is going to solve the healthcare issues. It important get to the roots and find effective solutions with a vision. For example, China today is investing a lot in healthcare research and increasing its spend on the same by over 20% every year. It is almost equal to what USA spends today and would be actually more that that in the times to come. This is only because it believes that research is an effective way to build their economy. Ask a visionary about this and he/she would totally agree with what China is doing right now.

physical-health-system

In a nutshell, healthcare needs to be on the top of the mind, while devising policies and strategies for the country. Any country is all about people power. The healthier the people, the more the workforce, the more the output, the more the increase in economy.

 

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Source: http://hubpages.com/politics/Why-I-Think-Healthcare-is-Important-in-a-Country

 

Computers in Medicine – the Changing Scenario

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Computers have now become and integral part of our lives. The reason being their contribution in every area and inbuilt intelligence. Automate work processes, store mammoth amounts of data – all this and much much more is possible at speed and accuracy with computers. Today, computers are also playing a vital role in the field of medicine. Be it diagnostics, surgical procedures, data storage or knowledge sharing, computers play a key role in every area. Here is a run down the contribution of computer in the medical field.

COMPUTERS IN MEDICINE

DIAGNOSTICS
Many of the equipment’s used in hospitals and healthcare centres are computer based. Be it the latest methods of imaging or scanning, computer technology is put into use. Obtaining 3D images using digital geometry processing or use computer software’s for magnetic resonance imaging can be easily done using computer technology. X-ray machines, emergency alarm systems and many other automated systems use computer programming.

SURGICAL PROCEDURES
Computer technology is not limited to diagnosis of diseases and has already advanced to the level of participating in surgical procedures. Computer Assisted Surgery or CAS is known to combine the intelligence of computers with expertise of medicine. It is advancing at a fast pace and is said to give speedy and accurate results. The surgery is done with the help of a surgical robot. The robot could either do the surgery or could just assist doctors in the surgery. In both ways, there is a vital role that computer technology is playing.

KNOWLEDGE SHARING
Computer technology facilitates knowledge sharing like medical research papers, updates with fellow practitioners, patients and medical students with shear ease and almost instantly. Even communication has become speedier due to the computer based communication modes. Internet today is a virtual space to communicate, share and collaborate with others from anywhere, anytime.
Whether it is new discoveries, new medicines, information on latest treatments or more, you get access to this instantly from any location in the world. Earlier, it used to take ages to share information with others and now its just a matter of logging in to the computer, this is the drastic change that computers have brought about.

DATA STORAGE
Data storage in health care is of utmost importance. The hospital is required to store the data about patients medical history as well as family history. The billing, the prescriptions and related data also needs to be stored. Computers again come in the picture here. Storing and accessing the data instantly whenever needed can be efficiently managed using computers.

The diagnosis papers, research papers or medical journals are all stored in their electronic versions with the help of computers.

Thus, it would not be wrong if we say that computer technology is taking medicine to the next level.

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