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An Overview of Diabetes and Yeast Infections

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Diabetes and Yeast Infections

There is certainly a relation between yeasts and diabetes and most logically it is sugar that relates yeast infections to diabetes. Yeast are generally found growing near mucous membranes around the skin. When there is a build up of yeast, it is called yeast infection. As yeast feeds on sugar and diabetics tend to sweat, pee and secrete a lot of mucus due to high glucose levels, automatically inviting yeasts to build on and cause yeast infections. The areas where yeast grow rapidly are those with warm temperatures typically under skin folds and breasts, mouth and around genitals.

The most common of the yeast infections with women is the vaginal infection and generally occurs in people suffering from diabetics that is not under proper control. When the diabetes is not controlled properly, it also effects the immune system adversely. Apparently, it suppresses the growth of immune proteins known as beta defensins, responsible for killing microbes.

Furthermore, even after treatment, there is high possibility of re-occurrence of the infection in people with poorly controlled diabetes. This is because after colonization of the yeast in a particular area, its becomes easy for yeast to re-attack. The extra sugar levels in diabetics helps in colonization on the yeast and makes it easy for other pathogens to stick to mucous gland and skin cells as well.

Diagnosis
The doctor asks for vaginal secretion sample test to confirm the vaginal yeast infection. The microscopical review of the sample is carried out for confirmation of Candida fungus in abnormal amounts. Sometimes even urine samples are tested.

Treatment
Most of the doctors prescribe anti-fungal creams that can be easily applied to the affected area. These creams are usually available over the counter. Only when creams aren’t effective is when doctors prescribe a dose of anti-fungal medication.

Home Remedies
Alternatively, home remedies like using oregano oil, yogurt, over the counter creams, coconut or tea tree oil for treating yeast infection are commonly tried.

Prevention
Prevention is always a better idea, and particularly for diabetics, wherein there is high possibility of yeast infection to reoccur. But, certain precautionary measures can help you keep the yeast infection at bay. This includes keeping body and genital dry, using clean cotton under garments and perfumed pads of good quality. As far as diet supplements are concerned, eating yogurt on a daily basis helps a lot.

Though, treating the root cause would definitely help you the most so try keeping your glucose levels under control to prevent the complications that arise due to the same.

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Pediatric Serum Sickness – Casues – Symptoms – Treatment

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Pediatric Serum Sickness - Symptoms, Treatment

Apparently, serum sickness is nothing but a delayed response to certain anti-serums or medications that is more common with children, a type of hypersensitivity reaction to certain medications, you may say. Well, Pediatric serum sickness is a rare possibility these days primarily due to the limited use of antitoxins, but it is still seen amongst children taking the antibiotic of penicillin and others like fluoxetine, cephalosporings, to name a few.

Causes and Symptoms
Pediatric Serum Sickness is like any other allergy you get which occurs when the body misinterprets the protein of the serum as something harmful to t he body and activates the immune system to battle it out and commonly occurs in children. Symptoms vary from individual to individual though initial ones include redness and itching around the injected area. These could be followed by joint pain, malaise, swollen lymph nodes, flushing, wheezing, diarrhea and more.

Diagnosis and Treatment
The diagnosis is based on the symptoms primarily and if the doctor suspects it to be a drug reaction, medical tests are not required. In case of doubt lab tests are considered and in rare cases biopsy. The diagnosis is positive if the lab tests show increase in WBC, proteinuria on UA, ESR and CRP while positive results for biopsy include perivascular neutrophils and eosinophils invasion as well as lymphocytic vasculities with decrotic debris.

A medical treatment is needed when such a conditions occurs even though it is said to subside within a week or 10 days, in rare cases it could cause serious nervous system disorders anaphylaxis, a life threatening allergic reaction.
In order to subside the symptoms or reduce them, medications like analgesics, medications to relieve you from the itching caused and corticosteroids like prednisone only in serious cases are prescribed by the consulting doctor.

Home remedies – Do’s and Don’ts
The traditional acupuncture therapy could be tried as it is known to be an effective means of decreasing the body’s sensitivity towards the allergic reactions.
Generally, intake of food rich in vitamin B, iron, anti-oxidants and avoiding meats, cold water fish, refined foods, coffee, to name a few, is a good idea. Drinking around 8 glasses of water and exercising for 30 minutes daily also helps a lot. But, you need to talk to your health consultant before trying out nutrient and supplement intakes.
A massage is a strict no no as a treatment for serum sickness because it not only aggravates the inflammations, but might lower the blood pressure as well.

Well, Pediatric serum sickness is generally considered to be a self limited disease that usually gets cured automatically on stopping the respective drug intake. Having said that, consulting your doctor is still highly recommended for avoiding complications, pain relief and speedy recovery of your child.

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A Little Brain Resides Inside Your Little Heart

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It has been centuries since it is a known fact that the heart and brain inter communicate with each other and that the heart sends far more signals to the brain than otherwise. Well, may be this point was never really explored much earlier as neo-cardiology is a relatively newer field. But, now after substantial research in the field it has been established that our heart does have its own little brain and that is is apparently a sensory organ. It is also proved that it is an encoding and processing center that’s highly sophisticated enough to designate it as a heart brain.

The heart brain

A LITTLE BRAIN RESIDES INSIDE YOUR LITTLE HEARTThe heart brain or the hearts nervous system is made of ganglia which in turn consists of sensory neurites spread all over the heart and different types of circuit neurons. The findings about the little brain residing within the heart are startling. The nervous system of the heart is a self organized but convoluted system. The demonstration of its ability to reform new neural connections on a short term and long term span in order to reorganize itself is demonstrated clearly. The extrinsic cardiac ganglia in the thoracic cavity is indirectly linked to many organs, arteries and skin through the spinal cord and directly linked to organs like esophagus and lungs. The processing and integration of the information from sensory neurons in the heart and the extrinsic nervous system is carried out by the intrinsic nervous system.

Heart brain & Brain communication
The heart generates powerful rhythmic information patterns for continuous communication with the brain while the brain receives the information sent by the heart via the nodose ganglion and the vagus nerve to the medulla. After reaching the medulla, the signals further commute to the cortical and sub-cortical areas. Studies and research have found that heart communicates with the brain on a continuous basis via different modes be it biochemical, neurological, energetic or biophysical. It also has a vital role to play in synchronization of the body.

Thus, the heart is apparently at the heart of regulation of dynamics of processes due to its high influence on physiological, emotional as well as cognitive systems, all this because of its little own intrinsic brain.

Know More Best Neuro Hospital in India and Vagus Nerve Stimulation

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AIR POLLUTION COULD BE RESPONSIBLE FOR OBESITY & TYPE 2 DIABETES IN CHILDREN

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A study of children aged 8- 15 years has shown that high levels of air pollution could result in high BMI, reduction in beta cell function and insulin sensitivity as well. Thus, increasing the risk of type 2 diabetes in them. This has raised an alarm amongst the health authorities and is a matter of grave concern for the parents as well. Already the issues of obesity in the children of this age are huge due to the calorie rich diet habits accompanied by the sedentary lifestyle. Now, this risk of type 2 diabetes is another addition alongside obesity issues.

Again, its a known fact that obesity could increase the risk of diabetes…but even air pollution does increase the risk is what the study is all about. The stunning part is that in some cases air pollution effect on metabolism was more than almost 5% body fat increase.

The study by Childhood Obesity Research Centre is apparently based on examining around 314 lanito children from Los Angeles who were obese with a high BMI but did not have diabetes. The children were in pre puberty age group and it was found that more the exposure to pollution of air, the more was the probability of fast increase in BMI.

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Considering the study and comparing the same with Indian children it is observed that obesity rate of children in India has already doubled during the past decade even though one of the major issues in children of India has been malnutrition. Further as air pollution spreads its wings across the urbane populace in the country, type 2 diabetes affecting children would be an added risk to be dealt with amongst children, other than obesity issue.

The solution for the same now lies in focusing on improving the environment standards in India.
Only a healthier environment can help reduce such health hazards affecting our grassroot levels.

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Bone Metastases – The Significance of Radiation Therapy

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A study in Canada has found that radiation therapy is highly effective in reducing the pain caused by bone metastases from different cancers and significantly improving the quality of life for the patient for a short while at least. The study also reveals that compared to the multiple fraction treatments provided to cancer patients, single fraction treatments have shown better and effective results against pain relief.

Bone Metastases - The Significance of Radiation Therapy
photo courtesy : http://www.webmd.com/cancer/ss/slideshow-cancer-bone-metastasis

The focus of the study was laid more on improving the quality of life for the time that was left with the patient rather than on increasing the patients lifespan. Off-course palliative care is an integral part of a patients journey through cancer and has to be carried out all through. As for radiation dose results, the patients response and condition was seen to be improving day per day and this was something new and interesting for the researchers. After 2 weeks one fifth of the total number of patients seemed to have experienced positive results with considerable pain relief.

Another study was carried out in order to check if the 5 dose course of a medicine named ‘dexamethasone’ taken every day for four days post palliative radiotherapy and a single dose before the same, worked well in reducing the risk of painful flares in patients with metastases of bone.

In a study where 298 patients with a pain score of 2 on a scale of 1 to 10 were given a single 8 Gy radiation dose. These patients noted worst pain score between days 1 to 10 and after day 42 of the treatment. Around day 10, almost over 40% had experienced relief by responding well to the radiotheraphy. 37 showed full response while 85 of them showed partial. The complete procedure of measuring the QOL was carried out using advanced and validated tools.

Considering the affirmative results of the aforementioned study and other related ones, it is apparently upto the patients with bone metastases, their doctors and family to understand the importance of radiation along side palliative care for serious pain relief and improving QOL of the cancer patient considerably until she/he is alive.

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High Risks of Coronory Heart Diseases for Thyroid Cancer Patients – Short Note

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Coronory Heart Diseases for Thyroid Cancer

A study has shown that patients suffering from Thyroid cancer are subject to high risks of Coronory Heart Disease (CHD) as well as ischemic stroke. It is observed that there are a couple of reasons due to which the thyroid cancer patients have to face these issues. One of them is the use of levothyroxine doses on a regular basis during the treatment. Another is exposure of thyroid patients to thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) suppression during the treatment span, which usually is spread across the entire life span.

Thyroid cases are seen to be growing in large numbers in areas particularly subjected to heavy industrial cover for the past 3 decades. Also, the risk ratio is comparatively 15% more than generic patients for patients with thyroid cancer. The risk factor for CHD and ischemic stroke has shown significant increase in patients who undergo thyroidectomy and higher dosages of levothyroxine.

Though differnetiated thyroid carcinoma cases are known to offer good prognosis with a high survival rate of 80 to 95 % upto 10 years, the TSH suppression treatment could increases the risks of heart failures or CHD. Studies have also found that differentiated thyroid carcinoma patients undergoing TSH supression treatment are known to increase their risk of atrial fibrillation, left ventricular mass and imparied idastolic function as well. Numerous patients these days undergo TSH supression which in most of them or many of them is a matter undergoing lifetime treatment. As far as atrial fibrillation risk is concerned, study shows that this risk is dependent of dosage of levothyroxine, but, with patients who had already developed atrial fibrillation, risk of ischemic stroke was less comparatively even of higher dosage of levothyroxine.

To reduce these risks, experts suggest to choose the treatment of thryoidectomy wisely and undergo TSH supression therapy so as to manage the associated cardiovascular risks.

We are very happy to inform You all, Dr.H.P.Prabhuswamy.(Best Cardiologist In Bangalore ), MBBS,MS, M. CH, FICC,FIACS, Former Professor of Cardiac Surgery, Jayadeva Institute of Cardiology, Bangalore, joined the distinguished RajaRajeswari Medical College and Hospital, cardiac surgery team as Professor & HOD, Dept. of CTVS.

Childhood Obesity Management in India

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Childhood Obesity management in India

Going by the recent figures, it can be factually stated that Childhood Obesity is catching up like wild fire across borders. It has already reached epidemic levels in some developed countries and there is no denying that developing countries are also experiencing the brunt it.

Continents like America and Europe are leading the list with horrifying figures of over 20% affected populace. Well, the Asians and Africans are not far behind either, with startling figures that state of over 10% children caught in the claws of the monster called childhood obesity.

Apparently, limited evidence is available in India on childhood obesity and research on the same is in progress. Even-though, there are a few factors that seem to primarily influence the rise in the condition. The factors include environmental factors, genetics, metabolic programming, diet habits and sedentary lifestyle, to name a few.

Well, sedentary lifestyle alongside dietary habits particularly instant and junk foods consumption amongst children, particularly in urban settings has increased the risk of obesity associated diseases like type 2 diabetes mellitus, metabolic resistance and more as well.

Childhood Obesity
There are many causes that lead to obesity in children. Here is a run down the major two.

High Calorie Diet
Children in the urban setups are addicted to instant and junk foods which is a major cause of obesity in cities. While it actually begins at birth, when people tend to over feed their babies to make them healthy and end up making them obese. Even the school cafeteria’s do not have any meal plans depending upon individual state of health. Children eat as much as they want, many a times much more than required. Many parents also tend to forcefully feed children even if they are done due to their traditional beliefs of health and nutrition. This is one of the major factor leading childhood obesity.

Sedentary Lifestyle
Before the advent of television, video games, tablets and play stations, children used to indulge into outdoor activities, sports and games a lot. But, now children are more of confined to indoors busy playing games on computers, play-stations or watching cartoons on television. Also, commuting before was either walking or cycling, now its more about buses, cars and skateboards. The lifestyle has become sedentary and thus resulted into obesity rise.

Prevention is the Key
To put a brake on the rise of obesity cases across the globe, a unanimous solution or key is prevention of it. It primarily includes avoiding weight gain, working on reduction of weight and weight regain as well. Many initiatives are undertaken by government and private organizations of different countries in order to create awareness on childhood obesity related health hazards and also its prevention. This includes increased intake of vegetables and fruits, participation in outdoor sports activities and other physical activities like dance and more. Consumption of healthy snacks and saying no to junk foods or limiting the intake to bare minimum are some steps suggested to the populace in order to prevent obesity in the younger generation across the world.

There are many other factors that lead to childhood obesity as mentioned before and in order to put brakes on the ever increasing number of cases, prevention is the best way out. So in general, parents need to promote healthy eating habits in children and include adequate number of physical activities in their daily routine so as to promote a healthy and fit way of life right from the grassroots level, thus curbing childhood obesity to an extent.

Contact to Child Specialist in BangaloreRajarajeswari Medical College and Hospital